Theme Week

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Reformasi Sampah

Theme Week

Apa itu sampah?

Dalam siklus alam tidak dikenal istilah sampah. Limbah dari proses yang satu adalah sumber daya bagi proses yang lain. Demikianlah triliunan mahkluk terus menerus hidup di Planet Bumi yang subur namun memiliki keterbatasan.

Hanya ada satu jenis mahkluk hidup yang memiliki konsep sampah. Dan sekarang kita serta sesama mahluk lainnya menderita akibatnya.

Tetapi hari ini, di seluruh dunia, kita mengalami sebuah Reformasi Sampah. Disebabkan oleh makin padatnya populasi manusia serta makin penuhnya TPA, juga akibat makin tercemarnya sungai-sungai dan laut, bahkan karena berbagai polusi anak kita jatuh sakit, maka manusia pun tersadar.

Kami tantang anda: tontonlah film-film di bawah ini dan cobalah melihat kantong plastik sebagai sampah. Cobalah melihat jurang alami sebagai tempat pembuangan bahan buatan. Cobalah melihat TPA sebagai gundukan barang tak berguna.

Selanjutnya bergabunglah dengan temen-teman, lembaga sosial, serta para wiraswastawan terkemuka. Ikutlah bersama masyarakat dalam mengatasi banjir sampah. Dukung pengusaha dan seniman yang bergerak di bidang bahan bekas. Pahamilah proses pengolahan limbah menjadi energi bersih. Lihatlah TPA sebagai tambang mulia penghasil kompos dan bahan berharga.

Joinlah dengan BumiHijau dan libatkan diri dalam sebuah reformasi sampah. Joinlah dengan kami yang menyadari bahwa sampah bukanlah sampah. Sampah adalah sumber daya.

Trashed - No Place for Waste
There is an... urgent need for the most imaginative and productive solutions to this troublesome subject to be understood and shared by as many communities as possible throughout the world. This is where movies can play such an important role, educating society, bringing ‘difficult’ subjects to the broadest possible audience
Academy Award winners Jeremy Irons and Vangelis pour heart and soul into to an epic feature-length documentary exploring the impact of the global waste problem on human and environmental health. As “An Inconvenient Truth” propelled climate change into the limelight, “Trashed” drives a hard look at an issue that can no longer be ignored, while highlighting emergent solutions. Joe Yaggi, founder of BumiHijau, shot eye-opening footage of dumps and shanty towns in Jakarta.
 00:01:56             

Plastic State of Mind
BP's oil spill
Almost like we did it
We use one million grocery-bags
every single minute
A playful, but serious, take on Jay Z and Alicia Keyes’ Empire State of Mind. Brilliant!
 00:02:44                 
CREDITS
Filmmaker: Ben Zolno, New Message Media  Commissioner: Green Sangha 

Diet Kantong Plastik PSA
Diet Kantong Plastik itu mudah dan menyenangkan. Iya kan? Ayo ekspresikan caramu ber-Diet Kantong Plastik.
An upbeat message encourages us to refuse plastic bags, and better yet, to bring our own. Support the campaign and order a few of Greeneration Indonesia’s reusable bags at the link below.
 00:00:44             
CREDITS
Commissioner: Greeneration Indonesia 

Greeneration MASUK RT
The solid compost from one machine alone is worth Rp800.000. So every month our community earns income that we can manage.
Greeneration Indonesia uses proceeds from the sales of BaGoes reusable shopping bags to support intensive community waste management projects.
 00:11:41             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: GreenerationID 

Your Plastic Will Outlive You!
Plastic rubbish takes 200 to 1,000 years to break down. Reduce your use of plastic!
An animated PSA portrays a little girl outlived by a piece of rubbish that she carelessly tosses away.
 00:01:00             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: Jungle Run Productions  Broadcaster: Bumi Hijau TV  Distributor: Jungle Run Productions  Commissioner: Jungle Run Productions 

Rumah Kompos Binaan Pertamina
Rugilah yang ga memilah sampah. Justru itu ekonomi yang dibuang sia-sia dan tidak mensyukuri nikmat Allah SWT.
Di tangan Tafsir Munir, sampah pun diolah menjadi pupuk kompos yang bermanfaat. Simak bagaimana mitra binaan Pertamina ini mengubah sampah menjadi sesuatu yang lebih berharga.
 00:03:33             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: Pertamina TV 

Seas of Plastic: Captain Charles Moore
Only we humans make trash that nature can't digest.
Testimony from the seaman who discovered the Great Pacific Garbage Patch — a zone in which toxin-sponging plastic is 6x more prevalent than zooplankton at the bottom of the marine food web. With evidence gathered from his own research vessel, and disturbing images of wildlife impacts, he makes the case that cleanup of our oceans is impossible. Our only way forward is to wean ourselves of non-biodegradable plastics, and to stop pollution at our shores–source of 80-90% of the solid waste found at sea.
 00:07:23                 
CREDITS
Distributor: TED Talks 

Toughest Place to be a Binman
He's crazy, man! I wouldn't do it [clearing the street drains of plastic]. And I know Health and Safety wouldn't let me do it.
Jungle Run Productions organized this BBC Two shoot that paired a London rubbish collector with his counterpart in Jakarta. The Londoner was amazed to find no sorting of trash for recycling, and duties that include pulling a hefty cart by hand and clearing plastic from open drains. He was reduced to tears. Since the program aired on 29 January 2012, several viewers have pledged their support for the Jakarta binman and his family.
 00:02:29             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: BBC Two  Broadcaster: BBC Two 

Greening the Island of the Gods
A lot of garbage has landed in Kuta and the government says "Oh, this is because of the sea tide". But it's not about the tide, it's about people still throw the plastic garbage into the river or the canal and it flows to the ocean and the ocean brings it back to the land!
“Bali does have a garbage problem. But it also has the solutions. Garbage is increasingly becoming a concern for locals and tourists alike, detracting from the natural beauty of Bali. Illegal dumping, burning of garbage, and a lack of access to recycling facilities means that Bali’s air, land and water, and all those who live, work and play in it, battle pollution daily. But the problem isn’t hopeless – it’s one we can tackle together. And, in fact, we already are!” This film features voices primarily from the expatriate community together with Gede “Roby” Supriyanto from Navicula & akarumput.com and Anna Sutanto from Plastik Detox Bali discussing Bali’s waste management situation.
 00:33:53             

Trash Vortex
It's in the middle of nowhere. And because we can't see it we pretend it doesn't exist.
A charming animation tells the story of a rubber ducky’s tortuous voyage through the Pacific Ocean’s “plastic soup”.
 00:02:53             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: Mette Menting 

Planet Police: Plastic Bag Sting Op
SGT. UNDERWOOD: Over a hundred billion users in the US alone.

SGT: LACROIX: The addiction is so very real.

A lighter take on the move to ban the bag. Just say no! SYNOPSIS: Plastic bags: an American addiction. Lucky for you, the Planet Police are here for the intervention. Find out if their covert sting operation will yield results in this unscripted “Cops” parody.
 00:03:18             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: Titan Greens 

Making a Difference - Part 1
During only one hour we cleaned the whole of Seminyak Beach. We already collected 180 kilograms.
A round-up of community and conservation projects in Bali supported by Coca-Cola Amatil and Quicksilver Indonesia. Featured is one of an ongoing series of beach clean-ups that, as of end-2012, had scoured 14 million kilograms of trash from Bali coasts.
 00:08:55             

Making a Difference - Part 2
We have to be able to use the value of our brand to send a message to a wider group.
More CSR initiatives from Coca-Cola Amatil and Quicksilver Indonesia, including the Bali Beach Clean Up project that leverages a 74-person cleanup crew, 4 tractors, 3 trucks, and more than 600 trash bin placements.
 00:09:12             

KIPRAH - Kita Pro Sampah
Dalam UU no. 18/2008 tentang persampahan, ada perubahan paradigma pengelolaan sampah. Sampah yang tadinya dilihat sebagai sampah kemudian dilihat menjadi sumber daya.
The international sanitation NGO BORDA, teamed with Indonesian partners Balifokus and BEST (Bina Ekonomi Sosial Terpadu), demonstrates successful decentralized solid waste management projects in urban areas in Java, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and Bali. The projects involve close community engagement and include elements such local integrated facilities that compost organic waste, and sort and distribute recycleable, toxic and landfill waste; household training in composting and waste sorting, and plastic waste handicraft training and business development.
 00:13:48             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: BORDA 

Bombastic Plastix! A Trashonista Paradise in Bali
I started with a $5 iron on the floor of my kitchen. It doesn't take a genius to see the potential of this.
An American metalsmith and his Balinese bride have fine-tuned a technique for recycling post-consumer plastic bags. Heat-welding multiple layers with intricate cut-out patterns, they produce lightweight, waterproof, durable, brilliantly colored textiles, and stitch them into bags and wallets.
 00:03:40             
CREDITS
Commissioner: Bombastic Plastix 
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Future History: Plastic Water Bottle
What reason could any culture have to build a simple container which requires vastly more resources than the thing it contains?
Archaeologists of the future puzzle over the purpose of plastic water bottle, deposited en masse in the age of petroleum, prior to planetary evacuation.
 00:02:21             
CREDITS
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One Beach
(I want to) promote the use of found objects and turning something that used to be trash into art. That way people can see it and be inspired to do the same.
An inspiring film follows artists who upcycle trash, a sailor on a mission to probe a plastic gyre, and a movement to have fun while cleaning up the beach.
 00:24:42             
CREDITS

One Plastic Beach
The opposite of beauty isn't ugly. The opposite of beauty is indifference.
Indulge yourself in this touching short featuring beach plastic “curators”, Richard and Judith Selby Lang. JUDITH: “We really like to say that this is a love story. From our first date at Kehoe Beach, a whole life has unfolded.” RICHARD: “We decided that we were going to go to the beach, and go as often as we could, and see what we could collect in one year. We started specializing in one item: juice lid caps… We thought, let’s make a trophy of our days at the beach, so we made a trophy fish. In that one year, we collected at least 2 tons–4000 pounds of plastic.”
 00:07:59             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: High Beam Media 
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The World's Deepest Bin
Fun can obviously change behavior for the better.
Garbage, gamified. A rubbish bin rigged with sound effects collects nearly twice the haul of a normal bin, not far away.
 00:01:27             
CREDITS
Commissioner: Volkswagen 
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Bottle Bank Arcade
Over one evening our bottle bank arcade was used by nearly 100 people. During the same period, the nearby conventional bottle bank was used twice.
OK, so this machine eats glass, not plastic. But we couldn’t deny you this clever invention that makes recyclers feel like winners.
 00:01:37             
CREDITS
Commissioner: Volkswagen 
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Desa Mina Katakan Ya! Untuk Pengelolaan Sampah 1
Berhati-hatilah dengan lalat, tikus dan kecoa. Mereka membawa kuman dari sampah yang dapat membuat kalian sakit.
An animated story of Mina and her friends as they work together to improve waste management in their village in Indonesia. They decide to act after Mina’s pet goat dies from eating a plastic bag and other children in the village get sick due to improper waste treatment.
 00:11:39             
CREDITS

Desa Mina Katakan Ya! Untuk Pengelolaan Sampah 2
Membakar sampah dapat mengakibatkan gas beracun dan juga sampah mengandung aerosol yang dapat meledak dan mencelakai kita semua.
Mina’s village goes on a clean-up rampage, composting organics and selling recyclables. The proceeds buy soccer supplies for the school, Mina gets a new baby goat, and her village lives happily ever after!
 00:09:23             
CREDITS

Empowering Waste Collectors
We are the heroes of the Earth! We clean the Earth of plastic.
Danone AQUA and Ashoka collaborate on the “Pemulung Empowerment Program”. Working with local organizations, they propose social business solutions to improve the economy and living conditions of traditional waste pickers. Improved sorting of plastics, for instance, allows the collectors to earn a higher price on recycling stock. According to the United Nations’ Our World 2.0, 1% of urban dwellers in the developing world make their living by collecting and scavenging waste. In Jakarta, this contributes to the recycling of about a third of the city’s solid waste.
 00:03:03             
CREDITS
Commissioner: Danone AQUA 

Mike Biddle: We Can Recycle Plastic
Now when you see these mountains, most people think of garbage. We see above-ground mines.
While we think of plastic as a throw-away material, by weight it’s more valuable than steel. And yet we only recycle 5%. The challenge has been sorting plastic, dependent on cheap manual labor, often at the expense of justice, health and environment. Mike Biddle demonstrates a revolutionary technology for sorting and recycling all forms of plastic into high-quality stocks, on par with virgin plastics.
 00:10:59                 
CREDITS
Filmmaker: TED Talks 

Electrolux: Vacs from the Sea
We could definitely use more high-grade recycled plastics. If there were such around.
Bemoaning a shortfall of high-grade recycled plastic, Electrolux worked with environmental agencies to collect plastic from the oceans’ five garbage gyres. Each was molded into a concept vacuum cleaner. Sadly, you won’t find the vacs at your nearest mall. They’re only for display purposes.
 00:02:14             
CREDITS

Filipinos Combat Flooding with Recycling
I want to save the Earth. The garbage that shouldn't be thrown away can be reused, and I also learned that recyclables can help a lot of people.
When Typhoon Ketsana ravaged Manila, in 2009, the Marikina neighborhood was badly flooded. Clogged storm drains, choked by plastic bags, multiplied the impact of the disaster. A year later, this report finds local residents tackling recycling with a vengeance. Before the floods there were no recycling stations. Within a year, there were 80. The effort bridges religious barriers and unites the community on disaster recovery and preparedness.
 00:03:37             
CREDITS
Broadcaster: Da Ai Headlines 

Earthships - Earth Rise from Al Jazeera English
When I came out here, I didn't know if we were coming to meet a Wacko, or some kind of Guru, or a genuine Environmental Visionary. And I think the answer is 'he's all those things'...
The arid New Mexico desert is home to a cluster of unusual buildings called ‘earthships’ – environmentally sustainable, self-sufficient homes made using recycled and natural materials. They represent the life’s work of Mike Reynolds, a radical architect who is passionate about proving that truly green building design can work. Each of his earthships heat and cool themselves, harvest their own water and use plants to treat their sewage, with soil-packed discarded tyres making up the main building material. The ideal earthship is entirely carbon neutral. Earthrise is an excellent series on Al Jazeera English. The story telling is fantastic with the presenters taking you on a journey of discovery…
 :10:07             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: Al Jazeera English  Broadcaster: Al Jazeera English 

Plastic Bags to Building Posts in Kenya
I feel great. And I feel I'm doing something great for this nation. And this can be replicated any place in the world
Meanwhile, over in Kenya, another social entrepreneur has come up with yet another way to build a successful business recycling plastic bags… Making fence posts!
 00:03:23             
CREDITS
Filmmakers: Rocketboom  | Ruud Elmendorp  Broadcaster: Rocketboom 

Paving with Plastic
Plastic is a menace and we have planned to use it more gainfully, for the construction of the roads.
An experimental project in northern India incorporates waste plastic into asphalt road mix. The “polymerized bitumen” outlasts traditional roads in an area where monsoonal floods have been made worse by plastic-choked waterways.
 00:01:32                 
CREDITS
Broadcaster: NTDTV 

Mengolah Sampah Organik Secara Mandiri
Step-by-step instructions for a quick, tidy home composting method in a small bucket. The “Takakura Method” relies on preparation of a fine “seed compost” that speeds up digestion of kitchen waste, while eliminating odor and discouraging pests.
 00:06:36             

Iklan Kencana Online
An advertisement for Kencana Online, a Bandung-based mail order company supplying composting, biogas and bioelectric equipment and supplies throughout the archipelago. Since 2004, they’ve provided out-of-the-box organic waste management solutions for homes, businesses and municipalities.
 00:00:45             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: Kencana Online 

Biogas Rumah - Mengolah Limbah Menjadi Berkah
Setelah reaktor biogas dibangun, dana yang biasanya digunakan untuk membeli bahan bakar dapat dipakai untuk kebutuhan lain.
Overview of a five-year program led by the NGO HIVOS (Humanist Institute for Co-operation with Developing Countries) to support the development 10,000 household biogas digestors across 8 Indonesian provinces. The methane gas generated by waste from 2 cows, 7 pigs or 170 chickens meets the lighting and cooking fuel needs of a single family. Other benefits include reduction in the use of firewood, coal and fossil fuel (harmful to the environment as well as public health), the byproduct of organic fertilizer and employment opportunities for Indonesian reactor builders.
 00:05:06             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: BIRU (Biogas Rumah) 

Cara Kerja Reaktor Biogas
Setelah enam jam, gas methane telah terbentuk.
A CGI sequence illustrates the simple mechanics of a household biogas digester.
 00:01:30             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: BIRU - Biogas Rumah 

Biogas dari Kotoran Sapi 1
Kelebihan dari biogas dari kotoran sapi itu... Pertama, ibu-ibu tidak lagi harus cari kayu bakar. Kedua resiko meledak tidak sama sekali. Kemudian gas ini juga rama lingkungan.
Follow a biogas user in Bali from the back end of cattle, through a manure-mixing sluice, past a fermenter and compost slurry, along community pipelines into straight into his kitchen, where his wife cooks a meal using free, safe, clean energy.
 00:07:32             

Biogas dari Kotoran Sapi 2
Ini tidak terbakar. Artinya ini menunjukkan bahwa si biogas tidak akan meledak seperti LPG.
Follow an early adopter of biogas in Bandung on a tour of his facilities. He makes a convincing demonstration of safety by igniting a gas line straight out of the fermenter and not blowing himself up.
 00:07:01             

Cassava: An Indonesian Solution to Global Waste
Don't say no to plastic, but say no to plastic which is non-degradable.
Sugianto Tandio spent 10 years developing a degradable petrochemical plastic, known as Oxium, and a degradable bioplastic, known as Ecoplast. On the market since 2010, the products have captured more than than 90% of Indonesia’s modern carrier bag market. Now Pak Sugi turns his eye toward traditional retail sellers. Dodging some critics of bioplastics who lament high prices and lost opportunities for food production, Pak Sugi’s secret sauce is cassava, a prodigious root crop grown on marginal soils by small hold organic farmers.
 00:16:18             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: TEDx JakSel 

Are Mushrooms the Next Plastic?
So, why mycelium? The first reason is local open feedstocks. You want to be able to do this anywhere in the world... The next is self-assembly... You don't need a lot of equipment to set up a production facility. So you can have lots of small facilities spread all across the world.
Eben Bayer of Ecovative Design takes us behind the scenes on the “self-assembly” of a plastic alternative, grown from fungus and agricultural waste. The biocomposite can fit any form, makes use of local refuse, and can be composted at the end of its life. Early use is as a packaging substitute for Styrofoam–a toxic, energy-hungry petrochemical that takes up 25% of US landfills. Future applications include building materials, car bumpers and shoe soles.
 00:09:05                 
CREDITS
Filmmaker: TED Talks 

Plastic2Oil: Overcoming the Barriers
Once we had the science down the pat, we hit the next barrier, which is support.
John Bordynuik reviews challenges overcome while developing the technology and–just as important–the public will to convert plastic to oil. Now CEO of JBI, Inc., he has developed a low-cost, small-scale processor that transforms unsorted, unwashed waste plastic into clean, ultra-low sulphur fuel that doesn’t need refining. Two Plastic2Oil® processors are now online, with a third on the way.
 00:17:46             
CREDITS
Filmmaker: TEDx Buffalo 
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About the Author

Written by

Djuna is C.O.D. (Connector of Dots) at Bumi Hijau TV and Jungle Run Productions. Native to San Francisco and calling Indonesia home since 1998, Djuna shoots stills, catches sound, wrangles film crews, builds web sites, writes, and, in her spare time, puts poachers to work as ecotourism guides. Her best Scrabble play is "quetzals" - all 7 tiles on 2 triple words!